John knows their apparent possession and accusations of witchcraft are untrue, as Abigail told him as much when they were alone together in the first act, but is unsure of how to confess without revealing the affair. The audience watches Proctor as the play progresses and judges his actions according to his motivations and reactions to the various "tests" through which he passes.
She is bitter towards Hale, both for doubting her earlier and for wanting John to give in and ruin his good name, but agrees to speak with her husband, if only to say goodbye.
Unsure of how to proceed, Hale prepares to take his leave. John becomes greatly angered, tearing the arrest warrant to shreds and threatening Herrick and Cheever with a musket until Elizabeth calms him down and surrenders herself.
Hale is conflicted, but suggests that perhaps this misfortune has befallen Salem because of a great, secret crime that must be brought to light. Hale, deeply remorseful and blaming himself for the hysteria, has returned to counsel the condemned to falsely confess and avoid execution.
The witch trials serve as a metaphorical crucible, which burns away the characters' outer shells to reveal their true intentions and character beneath.
Proctor is in prison, scheduled to hang, along with Rebecca Nurse.
John, in despair and having given up all hope, declares that " God is dead ", and is arrested. Hale, deeply remorseful and blaming himself for the hysteria, has returned to counsel the condemned to falsely confess and avoid execution.
When the trials begin, he is appointed as a prosecutor and helps convict the majority of those accused of witchcraft. Miller permits the audience to do just that by transforming the faceless names from history into living, breathing characters with desires, emotions, and freewill.
Abigail is a young woman who seizes an opportunity to reverse fate.
Miller bases the play on the historical account of the Salem witch trials. Parris is unhappy with his salary and living conditions as minister, and accuses Proctor of heading a conspiracy to oust him from the church. Miller did make adjustments to the ages, backgrounds, and occupations of several of the individuals mentioned in the historical records, however.
In other words, the audience observes the character as he or she is tested, and the audience ultimately determines if he or she passes the test. Putnam and Corey have been feuding over land ownership.
Betty wakes up and begins screaming.
After they have taken her, Proctor browbeats Mary, insisting that she must go to Salem and expose Abigail and the other girls as frauds. After being framed for witchcraft, she confesses and is subsequently imprisoned with Sarah Good.
The father of Miller, the author of The Crucible PDF, was commonly known as Isidore and owned a successful coat manufacturing business.
Proctor's friend Giles Corey was actually pressed to death a month after Proctor's execution; however, Miller juxtaposes his death and Proctor's. Proctor is tested severely when he goes to the court to defend Elizabeth.
The play continues to affect audiences by allowing them to see how dark desires and hidden agendas can be played out. The Puritans had no tolerance for inappropriate or unacceptable behavior and punished individuals publicly and severely if they transgressed.
Hale, guilty over John's death, pleads with Elizabeth to talk John around but she refuses, stating John has "found his goodness". Putnam had lost seven infant children.
As they argue, Betty bolts upright and begins screaming. Ironically, the girls avoided punishment by accusing others of the very things of which they were guilty. Tituba counters that Abigail begged her to conjure a deadly curse.
The play continues to affect audiences by allowing them to see how dark desires and hidden agendas can be played out.The Crucible Arthur Miller.
A NOTE ON THE HISTORICAL ACCURACY OF THIS PLAY This play is not history in the sense in which the word is used by the academic historian. Dramatic purposes have sometimes required many characters to be fused into. One of Arthur Miller’s most popular plays and a central work in the canon of American theatre, The Crucible dramatizes the Salem witch trials of lateth Century Massachusetts.
In a community undergoing great change—where some feel as if they are losing control—hatreds are expressed, the vulnerable are scapegoated, hysteria takes hold. Watch video · During the tense era of McCarthyism, celebrated playwright Arthur Miller was inspired to write a drama reflecting the mass cultural and political hysteria produced by the Red Scare.
THE CRUCIBLE. ARTHUR MILLER was born in New York City in and studied at the University of Michigan. His plays include All My Sons (), Death of a Salesman (), The Crucible (). Arthur Miller is considered one of the greatest American playwrights of the 20th century.
His best known plays include 'All My Sons,' 'A View from the Bridge,' 'The Crucible' and the Pulitzer Born: Oct 17, When Arthur Miller published The Crucible in the early s, he simply outdid the historians at their own game" (22).
This lesson plan's goal is to examine the ways in which Miller interpreted the facts of the witch trials and successfully dramatized them.Download